Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
What is a Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder that occurs during the reproductive phase. An individual with PCOS may experience irregular menstrual cycles or prolonged periods. Another symptom includes excess levels of androgen hormones in the body.
What causes PCOS?
The precise reason behind PCOS remains a mystery. Numerous women afflicted with PCOS experience insulin resistance, which indicates the body’s struggle to utilize insulin effectively. Consequently, elevated insulin levels accumulate in the body and may contribute to heightened levels of androgens. Additionally, being overweight can exacerbate symptoms by further elevating insulin levels associated with PCOS.
PCOS can also be hereditary, with a tendency for the condition to occur within families. It is frequently observed that sisters or mothers and daughters may both experience PCOS.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
Missed periods, irregular periods, or very light periods
Ovaries that are large or have many cysts
Excess body hair, including the chest, stomach, and back (hirsutism)
Weight gain, especially around the belly (abdomen)
Acne or oily skin
Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
How is PCOS diagnosed?
Dr. Manal Younis will inquire about your medical background and the symptoms you may be experiencing. In addition, a comprehensive physical examination will be conducted, which may include a pelvic exam to assess the condition of your reproductive organs internally and externally.
Many of the indicators associated with PCOS resemble those brought about by other medical issues. As a result, additional examinations may be conducted including ultrasound and blood tests.
How is PCOS treated?
Various factors determine the treatment of PCOS. These factors include a person’s age, the extent to which their symptoms are severe, and their general well-being. Additionally, the type of treatment may be influenced by one’s desire for future pregnancy. Dr. Manal Younis will offer you a tailored treatment plan.