Menopause and Peri-menopausal Symptoms
What is Menopause?
Menopause occurs when a woman’s menstrual cycle ceases due to decreased hormone production. Typically, this transition happens during the time frame of 45 to 55 years old.
What is a Peri-menopause?
Perimenopause, which can be defined as “approximately the time of menopause,” indicates the period in which your body undergoes its natural shift towards menopause, signaling the conclusion of fertility. Another term commonly used to describe this stage is “menopausal transition”.
The Three Stages of Menopause
Menopause that occurs without any medical intervention is known as natural menopause. This biological process signifying the permanent ending of menstruation happens gradually and can be categorized into three stages:
Perimenopause or “menopause transition”
Perimenopause, which typically commences in one’s 40s, marks the onset of a gradual decline in estrogen production by the ovaries. It can span anywhere from eight to 10 years before menopause, when ovulation ceases. During the final one to two years of perimenopause, there is an accelerated decrease in estrogen levels that often gives way to symptoms commonly associated with menopause. However, it is essential to note that menstruation still occurs during this period, and pregnancy remains possible.
Menopause, when menstruation ceases, occurs when ovaries no longer release eggs and significantly reduce estrogen production. Diagnosis of menopause by a healthcare professional is confirmed after 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period.
This refers to the period following a full year without menstruation. During this phase, changes associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, may improve. Nevertheless, certain individuals may still encounter these symptoms for ten years or more post-menopausal transition. Due to reduced levels of estrogen in the body during post-menopause, there is an elevated likelihood of developing various health issues like osteoporosis and heart disease.